Scaling and Root Planing (Sometimes referred to as a deep cleaning) is a therapeutic cleaning procedure to remove plaque and tartar below the gums in patients that have been diagnosed with periodontal disease. Periodontal disease occurs when bacteria that live below the gum line produce toxins which destroys the bone that supports the teeth. There is no cure for periodontal disease. However, with early detection and timely treatment, we can help stop the progression of this disease and prevent further bone and tooth loss.
Bacteria lives within plaque that accumulates in the mouth. When plaque is not removed properly, it can solidify into calculus (tartar). Bacteria affects the gums by causing tissue destruction, in turn creating periodontal pockets. When periodontal disease is left untreated, it can cause irreversible bone loss, and will lead to tooth loss.
Scaling and Root Planing is a nonsurgical periodontal cleaning that may involve a local anesthetic to numb the areas that will be treated. The treatment often requires hand instruments and an ultrasonic tool to remove the plaque and tartar accumulation while flushing out the periodontal pockets. Your dental hygienist will use the instruments below the gum line to clean the roots of your teeth and smooth any rough surfaces to encourage reattachment of gum tissue to the teeth resulting in a shallow, manageable periodontal pocket around the tooth.
After the treatment is complete, it is necessary for patients to maintain their oral health with cleanliness. Home maintenance is a major part of the healing process. The mouth needs to be free of food, debris, and plaque in order to keep bacteria from causing further destruction. Thorough brushing and flossing will be required to ensure the mouth is clean at all times. The Perio Bundle comes highly recommended by your dentist and dental hygienist.
It is also important to discontinue the use of tobacco products. This will promote blood flow to the oral tissues resulting in healing and reduce the risk of further infection.
With the conjunction of proper homecare, scaling and root planing treatment is most effective in the early stages of gum disease and can help reduce periodontal pocket depths. A periodontal maintenance recall appointment is required following the scaling and root planing procedure continuing at 90 day intervals, as recommended by the American Academy of Periodontology.